Supply And Demand – Supply And Demand Graph – Economics Graph – Supply and demand graphs depict the equilibrium between suppliers and consumers. The graph is an intersection of two curves mapped against quantity and price. The most famous economics framework of the supply demand equilibrium.
Consumers are willing to pay a higher price for a low quantity of goods. The price declines as the quantity demanded increases. Suppliers on the other hand are willing to supply a large quantity at a high price and a low quantity at a low price.
Business Case – Business Case Analysis – Business Case Methodology – Business cases are prepared to help a company decide whether to proceed with a given project. To start off the preparation of the business case requires understanding of the key metrics or key drivers that help company either generate or spend money. The money can be generated by increasing revenues or sales and/or decreasing costs. The key revenue driver is increased sales, for example due to an increased number of sales agents. Decreased costs may be as a result of increased capacity in the back office, because some of the processes that used to be manual are now automated. The more data used for the assumptions the better. Another way to validate assumptions is to obtain the key stakeholder opinion or buyin.
Usually, any project also carries investment costs that are subtracted from the benefits. A good business case also has a multiyear view, e.g. creates 5 year projections. This future cashflow is discounted by the interest rates. The sum of these discounted cash flows is added to come up with a net present value – NPV for the project. Other business case metrics include the internal rate of return – IRR and average annual benefit.